International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Research

International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Research


International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Research
International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Research
2021, Vol. 3, Issue 4
Assessment of anthropometric and biochemical parameters among type 2 diabetes mellitus adult subjects in Port-Harcourt, Nigeria

Edet Mercy Clement, Adienbo Ologhaguo Macstephen

Background: Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a major cause of morbidity and mortality both in developing and developed countries, is associated with changes in biochemical and anthropometric parameters. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study of 90 adult subjects consisting of 30 newly diabetic, 30 known diabetic and 30 non-diabetic subjects was done. The Ages, Body Mass Index (BMI) and Waist-Hip Ratio (WHR), were determined. Fasting blood sugar, glycated haemoglobin and fasting lipid profile were determined using standard protocols. Results: The BMI among the study population showed that 42.7% were overweight and 35.0% obese. Among the diabetic subjects, obesity was 40.0% (newly diabetic) and 36.7% (known diabetic). Waist hip ratio was significantly (P<0.05) increased in diabetic subjects (0.95±0.60) compared to non-diabetics (0.92±0.11). The plasma cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein and low-density lipoprotein profile of non-diabetic subjects were 4.06±1.24, 1.02±0.25, 1.23±0.32, 3.08±0.06, while those of the diabetic subjects were 5.26±1.12, 1.17±0.05, 0.92±0.41, 3.90±0.60 respectively, with statistically significantly (P<0.05) difference. Low-density lipoprotein was significantly (P<0.05) higher in newly diabetics (3.13±0.78) compared to known diabetic (3.04±0.48) subjects. Fasting blood sugar was significantly (P<0.05) higher in diabetic (7.68±3.45) than non-diabetic (5.74±1.12) subjects. Glycated haemoglobin was significantly (P<0.05) lower in the known diabetic (5.98 ± 1.92) compared to the newly diabetic (7.22 ± 2.99) subjects. Conclusion: Among adult T2DM subjects in Port Harcourt, the majority were overweight and obese, with impaired lipid and glycated haemoglobin profiles.
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How to cite this article:
Edet Mercy Clement, Adienbo Ologhaguo Macstephen. Assessment of anthropometric and biochemical parameters among type 2 diabetes mellitus adult subjects in Port-Harcourt, Nigeria. International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Research, Volume 3, Issue 4, 2021, Pages 29-32
International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Research International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Research