International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Research

International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Research


International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Research
International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Research
2021, Vol. 3, Issue 4
Factors associated with relapse in patients with schizophrenia; A hospital based experience

Nishtha Gaba, Ashok Kumar Patel, Deapti Mishra, Kavita Gupta

Background: Relapse in schizophrenia is broadly recognized as the re-emergence or the worsening of psychotic symptoms that might result in hospitalization, treatment resistance, cognitive impairment owing to progressive structural brain damage, personal distress, incarceration, and interference with rehabilitation efforts along with economic burden on health care systems [1. 2, 3]. Material and Methods: The present descriptive study was undertaken at the inpatient and outpatient departments of Post Graduate Institute of Behavioural & Medical Sciences (PGIBAMS), Raipur, Chattisgarh with a sample size of 60 subjects diagnosed as having schizophrenia according to ICD-10 diagnostic criteria in the age group of 18 - 65 years by using a self-made pre-tested reliable checklist to assess the factors associated with relapse. Results: The findings of the study suggested Non-compliance due to poor communication between doctor-patient, Poor adherence, Societal stigma, inappropriate transport facilities and road conditions for travelling to mental health services, and poor expressed emotions by the caregiver as some of the prominent factors for relapse. Conclusion: It was therefore concluded that relapse is a cumulative effect of many factors that could be responsible for increasing severity, chronicity & poor outcome of illness in the patients with schizophrenia.
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How to cite this article:
Nishtha Gaba, Ashok Kumar Patel, Deapti Mishra, Kavita Gupta. Factors associated with relapse in patients with schizophrenia; A hospital based experience. International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Research, Volume 3, Issue 4, 2021, Pages 12-17
International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Research International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Research