Study of serum magnesium levels and its correlation with febrile convulsions in children aged 6 months to 5 years of age at KVG Medical College and Hospital, Sullia
Beeralingeshwara A N, Vijay Kumar B, Praveen Kumar Sindhur
Objective: To determine the association between serum magnesium levels and febrile seizures and to compare the serum magnesium level in simple febrile seizures & complex febrile seizures. Design: Observational Prospective study Setting: tertiary care hospital Participants: A Observational Prospective study was undertaken in children with febrile seizure attending Out-patient and In-patient Department of paediatrics in K.V.G. Medical College, Sullia. During the period 1st December 2019 to 30th November 2020. Results: Total No. Cases studied: 80 over a period of one year from Dec 2019 to Nov 2020. Out of 80 cases, 45 (55%) were males and females 35 (45%). Amongst 80 cases 21 were infants, 22 toddlers and 37 were in preschool age. serum magnesium levels were normal in 68 (84%) and in only 12 (16%) cases showed hypomagnesemia. Conclusions: No association was found with Gender, Age, and Temperature of the patient and subtype of febrile convulsions. Statistically significant association was found with hypomagnesemia and ‘Typical Febrile Convulsions’. No such association was found with Atypical Febrile Convulsions. Therapeutic value of administration of Magnesium in children with Febrile convulsions associated with hypomagnesemia to be established. This requires further interventional studies. Larger clinical studies are required to establish the association of hypomagnesemia and febrile convulsions. Further studies are suggested to determine the effect of Magnesium administration for the prevention of febrile convulsions.
Beeralingeshwara A N, Vijay Kumar B, Praveen Kumar Sindhur. Study of serum magnesium levels and its correlation with febrile convulsions in children aged 6 months to 5 years of age at KVG Medical College and Hospital, Sullia. International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Research, Volume 3, Issue 3, 2021, Pages 21-23