Investigation of the epidemiological characteristics of rhinovirus infections in patients admitted to our hospital
Ayfer Bakır, Nuran Karabulut, Sema Alacam, Sevim Mese, Ali Agacfidan
Rhinovirus (RV) is the most common cause of upper respiratory tract infections worldwide. RV can cause fatal pneumonia especially in infants, children, the elderly and immunocompromised patients. In this study, we aimed to evaluate RV distribution, comorbid mixed infection agents, age and seasonal relationships in children and adults retrospectively. In this study, between April 2015 and March 2018, in the nasopharyngeal swab samples taken from patients with suspected respiratory tract infection, RV and other respiratory viruses were investigated by multiplex real time PCR method. Of the 3833 patients with respiratory tract infection, 28.7% (1100) were adults and 71.3% (2733) were pediatric patients. RV was found in 15.2% of the patients included in the study. RV was defined as 18.6% (507/2733) in children and 6.8% (75/1100) in the adult age group (p <0.001). Mixed infection was detected in 33.5% (195/582) of the patients with RV. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) was the most frequently detected infection in children and adults (p: 0.96). According to age groups, the highest rate of RV was detected in <1 year olds. The most positive rates were found in spring and autumn. RV was found to be higher in children than in adults and was mostly detected in children under five years of age. The most common mixed infection was RSV. In addition to its epidemiological importance, determination of RV rates and its association with high rates of RSV is of great importance especially for the follow-up and treatment planning and epidemiology of children under five years of age.
Ayfer Bakır, Nuran Karabulut, Sema Alacam, Sevim Mese, Ali Agacfidan. Investigation of the epidemiological characteristics of rhinovirus infections in patients admitted to our hospital. International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Research, Volume 1, Issue 4, 2019, Pages 26-30