What epidemiological and clinical aspects of illegal abortions in the city of Kisangani, DR Congo
Joseph Désiré Oleko WA Oleko, José K Mubaya, Richard N Tongo, Chantal N. Zingabako, Jean Pauli E MBA
The objective of this study was to describe the frequency and management of complications of clandestine induced abortions at Kabondo Reference General Hospital in Kisangani City from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2018. The study variables are age, obstetrical history, age of abortion, occupation, marital status, reason for admission, observed complication, treatment administered, length of hospital stay and discharge modality. Our sample is 138 cases and this study is descriptive transverse. The following results were obtained: the annual case average is 34 cases; the prevalence is 17.1%; the most exposed case age is between 15 and 24 years (71.2%); housewives and students are more exposed with respectively 38.4% and 34.1%; singles are more exposed with 69.6%; in relation to gestations, the primigest are the majority (31.9%) and the parity, the multiparas with 34.8%; the majority age of interrupted pregnancy (66.6%) is between 4 to 12 weeks; the reason for seeking consultation is genital hemorrhage (85.5%), the major complication of abortion is placental retention (72.5%); the type of treatment is utero tonic and antibiotics respectively 100% and 100%; the duration of hospitalization (91.3%) is 1 to 14 days and the mortality was 6.5%. The study recommends women's education in contraception and family planning, and especially a social policy to reduce the number of clandestine abortions.
Joseph Désiré Oleko WA Oleko, José K Mubaya, Richard N Tongo, Chantal N. Zingabako, Jean Pauli E MBA. What epidemiological and clinical aspects of illegal abortions in the city of Kisangani, DR Congo. International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Research. 2019; 1(1): 25-31.